A comprehensive guide to common terms, definitions and slang used in Texas Hold’em, Pot Limit Omaha, and other variations of live poker games. This list is followed by a glossary of terms and definitions related to custom printed and personalized poker chips.
- AA: The poker hand consisting of two aces.
- Ace-High: A hand in which the highest-ranking card is an Ace, and no other combination is formed.
- Action: The betting activity during a poker game. The term can also refer to the decision-making of a player.
- All-In: When a player bets all of their remaining chips in a single bet.
- Ante: A small forced bet that each player must make before the start of each hand.
- Ace-king (AK): A starting hand that consists of an Ace and a King.
- Ace-queen (AQ): A starting hand that consists of an Ace and a Queen.
- Bad Beat: When a hand that was statistically expected to win loses to a long-shot hand.
- Bankroll: The total amount of money a player has set aside for playing poker.
- BB: Abbreviation for "big blind," the forced bet placed by the player two seats to the left of the dealer before the start of each hand.
- Bet: A wager made by a player during the game.
- Big Blind: The largest forced bet at the start of a hand, made by the player two seats to the left of the dealer.
- Big Slick: A hand consisting of an ace and a king.
- Blind: A forced bet made before the start of a hand to create action.
- Bluff: A bet or raise made by a player who does not have a strong hand in order to try and win the pot.
- Board: The community cards in the middle of the table that all players can use to form their best hand.
- Boat: Another term for a full house.
- Bounty: A reward offered for eliminating a specific player from a tournament.
- Bring-In: A small forced bet made by the player with the lowest upcard in a game of Seven-Card Stud.
- Broadway: A straight that consists of the highest possible cards (Ace, King, Queen, Jack, Ten).
- Bubble: The point in a poker tournament at which the next player to be eliminated will receive no prize money.
- Burn: The act of discarding the top card of the deck before dealing out community cards.
- Button: A small, round marker used to indicate the position of the dealer in a hand of poker.
- Call: To match the current bet.
- Cap: The maximum number of bets or raises allowed in a single round of betting
- Card Protector: An object placed on top of a player's cards to prevent them from being accidentally exposed or mucked.
- Cards Speak: A rule in some casinos where the actual cards determine the winner of a hand, rather than a player's verbal declaration of their hand.
- Cash Game: A poker game in which players play with real money rather than tournament chips.
- Check: To pass on making a bet, with the option to call or raise later in the betting round.
- Check-Raise: To check with the intention of raising if another player bets.
- Chip: The round, flat object used to represent currency in a poker game.
- Chip Leader: The player with the most chips in a tournament or cash game.
- Community Cards: The cards dealt face-up in the middle of the table that all players can use to form their best hand.
- Connectors: Two cards of consecutive rank, such as 7-8 or J-Q.
- Counterfeit: A situation in which a player's hand loses value due to the appearance of additional cards that match the rank of the player's hand.
- Cut-Off: The player one seat to the right of the dealer, considered to have a positional advantage.
- Dead Blind: A blind bet made by a player who has just returned to the table after missing their turn in the blinds.
- Dead Hand: A hand that is no longer valid due to a rule violation or other reason.
- Dead Money: Money in a pot that is contributed by players who are no longer in the hand.
- Dealer: The player who deals the cards in a game of poker.
- Dealer Button: A marker used to indicate the dealer position, which rotates clockwise around the table.
- Deuce: A card with a rank of two.
- Dominated Hand: A hand that is very likely to be beaten by another hand, usually because the other hand has a higher kicker.
- Drawing Dead: When a player attempts to draw to a hand that cannot possibly win.
- Drawing Hand: A hand that has the potential to improve with the addition of further cards.
- Drop: To fold.
- Early Position: A seat at the poker table that is among the first to act in each round of betting.
- Equity: A player's share of the pot based on their chances of winning the hand.
- Expected Value (EV): The average amount of money a player expects to win or lose over time with a particular action or strategy.
- Family Pot: A pot in which all or most of the players have called the initial bet.
- Fish: A derogatory slang term for a weak or inexperienced player.
- Fixed Limit: A betting structure in which bets and raises are limited to a predetermined amount.
- Five-Card Draw: A poker game in which each player is dealt five cards and has the opportunity to discard and replace some or all of them.
- Flop: The first three community cards dealt face-up in the middle of the table.
- Flush: A hand consisting of five cards of the same suit.
- Fold: To forfeit a hand and all chips in the pot.
- Forced Bet: A bet that is required to be made before a hand can begin.
- Four of a Kind: A hand consisting of four cards of the same rank.
- Full house: A hand that consists of three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank.
- Gutshot: A straight draw in which a player is missing one card in the middle of the sequence.
- Green Chips: Poker chips with a value of $25.
- Grinder: A player who consistently wins small pots over time.
- Hand: The cards held by a player during a round of play.
- Heads-Up: A game in which
- only two players are involved.
- High Card: A hand in which no combination is formed, and the highest-ranking card determines the winner.
- Hole Cards: The two cards dealt face-down to each player at the start of a hand.
- Implied odds: The ratio of the potential profit to the cost of a call.
- Inside Straight: A straight draw in which a player is missing a card in the middle of the sequence, such as holding 9-10-J-Q and needing a 8 to complete the straight.
- Jackpot: A special prize offered in some casinos for achieving a particular hand or accomplishment.
- Jacks or better: A form of video poker where a pair of Jacks or better is required to win.
- Kicker: A card that is used to break a tie when two players have the same hand rank.
- Kill Pot: A pot in which a player has won two consecutive hands and must make a larger forced bet to continue playing.
- Limit: A betting structure where there is a fixed limit on the amount that can be bet or raised during each round.
- Limp: To enter a hand by calling the minimum bet rather than raising.
- Live Blind: A blind bet that is not considered dead, even if the player who posted it is not at the table.
- Main Pot: The pot that all active players are eligible to win, created by the initial bets and raises.
- Monster: A very strong hand.
- Muck: To discard one's hand without revealing the cards to the other players.
- Multi-Way Pot: A pot that involves three or more players.
- No-Limit: A betting structure in which players can bet any amount up to their entire stack.
- Nit: A slang term for a very tight and conservative player.
- Nut Flush: The highest possible flush in a particular game.
- Nuts: The best possible hand at a given point in the game.
- Odds: The probability of a particular event occurring, such as winning a hand or hitting a particular draw.
- Omaha: A poker game where players are dealt four cards and must use two of them in combination with three community cards to make the best hand.
- Open-ended straight draw: A straight draw where there are four possible cards that can complete the hand, such as 9-8-7-6.
- Out: A card that would improve a player's hand.
- Pair: A hand consisting of two cards of the same rank.
- Pot: The total amount of money in the center of the table that players are competing to win.
- Pot-Limit: A betting structure in which players can bet up to the current size of the pot.
- Pocket Cards: Another term for hole cards.
- Position: A player's relative location to the dealer, which can affect their strategic options in a hand.
- Post: To place the required forced bet before the start of a hand.
- Pot Odds: The ratio of the size of the pot to the size of the bet required to call.
- Preflop: The betting round that occurs before the flop is dealt.
- Probe Bet: A small bet made by a player who was not the aggressor in the previous betting round.
- Push: Another term for going all-in.
- Quads: Another term for four of a kind.
- Rake: The portion of each pot that is taken by the casino as a fee for hosting the game.
- Raise: To increase the size of a previous bet.
- Red Chips: Poker chips with a value of $5.
- River: The fifth and final community card dealt face-up in the middle of the table.
- Rock: A player who plays very few hands and is known for their tight, conservative style.
- Set: Three of a kind, with two of the cards in the player's hand and one on the board.
- Short stack: A player with a small number of chips compared to the other players at the table.
- Showdown: The final phase of a hand in which the remaining players reveal their cards and the winner is determined.
- Sit-and-Go: A type of tournament that begins as soon as a predetermined number of players have registered.
- Small Blind: The smaller forced bet at the start of a hand, made by the player to the immediate left of the dealer.
- Split Pot: A pot that is divided equally among two or more players with the same hand rank.
- Stack: The total amount of chips a player has in front of them.
- Straight: A hand consisting of five cards in sequence, regardless of suit.
- Straight Flush: A hand consisting of five cards in sequence and of the same suit.
- String Bet: A bet made in multiple
- stages or motions, which is not allowed in most casinos.
- Suited: Two or more cards that share the same suit.
- Table Stakes: A rule that limits the amount a player can bet or lose in a hand to the amount of chips they have on the table at the start of the hand.
- Tell: A physical or verbal clue that a player inadvertently gives about the strength of their hand.
- Texas Hold'em: The most popular form of poker, in which each player is dealt two hole cards and shares five community cards with the other players.
- Three of a Kind: A hand consisting of three cards of the same rank.
- Tight: A style of play that involves playing only very strong hands.
- Tilt: A state of emotional or mental frustration that causes a player to play recklessly or irrationally.
- Top Pair: A hand in which a player's hole cards form a pair with the highest-ranked card on the board.
- Trips: Another term for three of a kind.
- Turn: The fourth community card dealt face-up in the middle of the table.
- Under the Gun: The player to the immediate left of the big blind who must act first before any other player.
- Value Bet: A bet made with a strong hand in the hopes of getting called by a weaker hand.
- Wheel: A straight that consists of Ace-2-3-4-5.
- Wild Card: A card that can be used to represent any rank or suit, depending on the game being played.
- WSOP: Short for World Series of Poker, the most prestigious annual poker tournament series in the world.
- X-ray Vision: A non-existent ability to see through opponents' hole cards.
- Yellow Zone: A range of chip stacks in a tournament in which players should be more cautious and selective in their hand selection.
- Yo-Yoing: A player who constantly loses and wins chips, indicating a lack of consistent play.
- ZeeJustin: The online poker screen name of Justin Bonomo, one of the most successful and respected poker players of all time.
- Zigzag: A term used to describe a player who changes their betting patterns frequently to confuse their opponents.
Here's a list of terms related to customized or personalized poker chips:
- Artwork: The visual design elements that are printed on the surface of the poker chip.
- Ceramic: A type of material that is commonly used to manufacture high-quality custom poker chips.
- Chip Inlay: A technique where a custom image or design is placed in the center of a poker chip.
- Clay: A type of material that is traditionally used to manufacture poker chips.
- Color Fill: A process of adding color to the recessed areas of a custom poker chip.
- Customization: The process of creating a personalized poker chip by adding custom text or images.
- Denomination: The value assigned to a poker chip.
- Direct Printing: A printing process where custom designs or images are printed directly on the surface of the poker chip.
- Edge Spots: The markings or design elements that are placed along the edge of a poker chip.
- Embossed: A technique where custom text or images are raised above the surface of a poker chip.
- Foil Stamping: A printing process where custom designs or text are stamped onto the surface of a poker chip using metallic foil.
- Full Color: A printing process that allows for the use of multiple colors on a custom poker chip.
- Graphic Design: The process of creating visual designs or layouts for custom poker chips.
- Hot Stamping: A printing process where custom designs or text are stamped onto the surface of a poker chip using heat and metallic foil.
- Inlay Label: A custom image or design that is placed in the center of a poker chip and covered with a protective label.
- Laser Engraving: A technique where custom text or images are engraved onto the surface of a poker chip using a laser.
- Logo: A custom symbol or design that represents a business, organization, or individual.
- Mold: The form used to shape and manufacture poker chips.
- Personalization: The process of adding custom text or images to a poker chip.
- Photo Insert: A technique where a custom photo or image is inserted into the center of a poker chip.
- Printing: The process of adding custom designs, text, or images to the surface of a poker chip.
- Security Features: Custom design elements or features added to a poker chip to prevent counterfeiting or fraud.
- Text Only: A custom poker chip design that only includes custom text.
- UV Printing: A printing process where custom designs or text are printed onto the surface of a poker chip using ultraviolet light.
- Wooden: A type of material used to manufacture custom poker chips that have a more natural, rustic look.